EU IAS Regulation
The EU Regulation (1143/2014) on invasive alien (non-native) species entered into force on 1 January 2015. The Regulation imposes restrictions on a list of species known as “species of Union concern”. These are species whose potential adverse impacts across the European Union are such that concerted action across Europe is required. This list is drawn up by the European Commission and managed with Member States using risk assessments and scientific evidence.
List of Invasive Alien Species of Union Concern
Risk assessments used to support the listing process can be found here.
How the Regulation works
More information on the working of the regulation can be found here: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/index_en.htm
View the Regulation here
The Regulation was first proposed by the EU Commission on September 9 2013.
The EU has been working towards the development of a Strategy on Invasive Alien (Non-native) Species since 2008. This Strategy took into account the Review of the EU Common Plant Health Regime and the Animal Health Strategy, the Commission's new strategy to protect and improve the state of Europe's biodiversity. This Biodiversity strategy includes six targets one of which relates to invasive alien species (IAS).
- Target 5- To control invasive alien species (IAS): By 2020, Invasive Alien Species and their pathways are identified and prioritised, priority species controlled or eradicated, and pathways are managed to prevent the introduction and establishment of new IAS. Relevant actions include:Action 15: Strengthen the EU Plant and Animal Health Regimes - The Commission will integrate additional biodiversity concerns into the Plant and Animal Health regimes by 2012.Action 16: Establish a dedicated instrument on Invasive Alien Species - The Commission will fill policy gaps in combating IAS by developing a dedicated legislative instrument by 2012.
The following presentation provides a good summary of this work - Towards an EU Strategy on Inavsive Alien Species.
Policy and background documents, and useful links
Assessment to Support Continued Development of the EU Strategy to Combat Invasive Alien Species
Technical Support to the EU Strategy on Invasive Alien Species (IAS) (2009)
Towards an EU Strategy - Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions (2008)
Mission Statement of the Committee of the Regions (21 April 2009)
A mid-term assessment of implementing the EU Biodiversity Action Plan and Towards an EU Strategy on Invasive Alien Species – Council (Environment) conclusions (25 June 2009)
The European Commission and Environment Directorate General
European Commission documents
Original press release following the announcement of the proposals for a Regulation (9 September 2013)
Audiovisual material on Invasive Alien Species
Click here to watch the debates on the EU Regulation on invasive non-native species from Friday, December 13, 2013
Invasive alien species - framework for the identification of invasive alien species of EU concern