Commercial shipping, recreational boating, aquaculture and natural dispersal have been highlighted as potential pathways by which invasive NNS may be introduced. The project therefore aims to understand the risk associated with each of these pathways. In addition, the project will investigate biosecurity measures which may be implemented to reduce the risk of introduction and spread of NNS, as well as conducting research into eradication, control and management strategies which will play a role in elimination or reducing spread of NNS in the event of an introduction.
Project reports and other documents produced by the Marine Pathways Project are available here: Marine Pathways Project Outputs
The Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) is an EU directive, formally adopted in July 2008, which aims to manage and protect the marine environment across Europe. The central goal of the directive is to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in marine waters of EU Member States by 2020. The framework promotes an ecosystem based approach to manage the sustainable use of marine waters for both economic and social benefit. The MSFD is compiled of a list of descriptors on which GES will be assessed. In accordance with the understanding that NNS may have negative impacts on the marine environment and the need for their management and control, one of the eleven MSFD descriptors refers to NNS, stating:
“Non- indigenous species introduced by human activities are at levels that do not adversely alter the ecosystems”.
For more information on specific NNS, their identification, impact and distribution please see the GB Non-Native Species Secretariat species information pages.
Project Aims and Objectives
The aim of the marine pathways project is to:
‘protect marine biodiversity in the UK and Ireland by managing key pathways by which marine invasive non-native species are introduced and spread.’
The key pathways include commercial shipping, recreational boating, aquaculture and natural dispersal. For example, marine NNS can be introduced and spread via ships ballast water, hull fouling and aquaculture stock imports and movements.
The main objective of the marine pathways project are:
- Development of protocols and methodology for the detection of NNS both inshore and offshore
- Identification of locations at high risk of the introduction of NNS to facilitate risk based monitoring and management
- Raising awareness of marine NNS with stakeholders
- Work with stakeholders developing codes of practice to reduce the risk of introduction and spread
- Research strategies for the control and eradication of marine NNS
The project will support the implementation of International and European policy drivers including:
- Marine Strategy Framework Directive descriptor 2 (Non Indigenous Species)
- Water Framework Directive Good Ecological Status
- Biodiversity 2020 Target 5 Invasive Alien Species
Work is also be carried out by leading universities and research centres including the Marine Biological Association, The University of Bangor, Firth of Clyde Forum, The Scottish Association for Marine Science, Wales Wildlife Trust and Cornwall Wildlife Trust.
The project team
|Paul Stebbing||Centre for Environment, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Science|
|Hannah Tidbury||Centre for Environment, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Science|
|Tarquin Dorrington||Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs|
|Angela Taylor||Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs|
|Alice Hiley||Environment Agency|
|Sarah Brown||Firth of Clyde Forum|
|Olaf Booy||GB Non-native Species Secretariat|
|Grainne O'Brien||Irish sea fisheries board|
|Colette O'Flynn||National Biodiversity Centre, Ireland|
|Hazel Selley||Natural England|
|Jan Maclennan||Natural England|
|Ruth Crundwell||Natural England|
|Gabrielle Wyn||Natural Resources Wales|
|Maggie Hatton-Ellis||Natural Resources Wales|
|Lyndsay Brown||Scottish Government|
|Lorna King||Scottish Government|
|Stan Whitaker||Scottish Natural Heritage|
|David Donnan||Scottish Natural Heritage|
|Sharon Davies||Welsh Government|