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American Brook Trout, Salvelinus fontinalis


Short description of Salvelinus fontinalis, American Brook Trout

Also known as Brook Charr, Eastern Brook Trout, Speckled Trout or Squaretail. Combination of dark green marbling on the back and dorsal fin and red spots with blue halos on the sides. Anal, pelvic and pectoral fins with white leading edge followed by dark stripe; fins otherwise reddish. 25-40cm in Europe, rarely 45cm+.

Description of Salvelinus fontinalis, American Brook Trout status in GB

American brook trout is established throughout England, Scotland and Wales, especially in northern England and Scotland.

Habitat summary: Salvelinus fontinalis, American Brook Trout

Occurs in clear, cool, well-oxygenated rivers (small to medium) and lakes. Some individuals ('salters') spend the spring at sea near the river mouth, though most spend their whole lives in freshwater.

Overview table

Environment: Freshwater
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Northern America, Northeastern U.S.A., Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon
Functional type: Predator
Status in England: Non-Native
Location of first record: Chertsey Bridge (Surrey)/London
Date of first record: 1876

Distribution map

Map of the UK with areas shaded to show the UK distribution of American Brook Trout

GB Distribution from NBN Atlas

Author's name:

Dr. David Hubble

Last updated:

October 3rd 2019

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