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Virginia-creeper, Parthenocissus quinquefolia


Short description of Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Virginia-creeper

It is a deciduous perennial woody climber that can grow 15m or more over trees or up walls and structures. It climbs by means of cup-like adhesive shoot tips borne on branched tendrils. It has stalked five-lobed leaves which turn crimson before falling in the autumn. Each leaflet is 3-15cm long with toothed margins. Inconspicuous small white-green flowers are borne on loose clusters and berries are rounded, 4-6mm in diameter and blue-black when ripe.

Description of Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Virginia-creeper status in GB

Virginia-creeper is well established and frequent in parts of southern England with scattered localities elsewhere; it appears to be spreading.

Habitat summary: Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Virginia-creeper

It is most typically found in man-made habitats such as urban railway embankments, old walls and buildings and road verges but it also invades scrub and hedgerows.

Overview table

Environment: Terrestrial
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Northern America, Mexico, Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Yukon, Guatemala, South Dakota, Texas, Utah
Functional type: Land plant
Status in England: Non-Native
Status in Scotland: Non-Native
Status in Wales: Non-Native
Location of first record: v.c.23
Date of first record: 1927

Distribution map

GB Distribution from BSBI

Author's name:

Sharon Pilkington

Last updated:

October 3rd 2019

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Thin strip of image show tree trunk and bark