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Ruddy Duck, Oxyura jamaicensis

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Short description of Oxyura jamaicensis, Ruddy Duck

A diving duck with a dumpy, short-necked shape and a longish tail, sometimes held upright. Males are chestnut-red with white cheeks and a swollen, bright blue bill. Females are brown with a dark cap and a horizontal dark bar across the cheek.

Description of Oxyura jamaicensis, Ruddy Duck status in GB

A population of up to 6,000 birds had become naturalised in GB but has been reduced to fewer than 100 birds by an ongoing programme of control.

Habitat summary: Oxyura jamaicensis, Ruddy Duck

Ruddy ducks nest at fresh water bodies that have extensive emergent reeds and winter mainly in substantial flocks on large lakes or reservoirs.

Overview table

Environment: Terrestrial and Freshwater
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Western Canada, Northwestern U.S.A., North-Central U.S.A., Northeastern U.S.A., Southwestern U.S.A., South-Central U.S.A., Southeastern U.S.A., Mexico, Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Alaska United States
Functional type: Omnivore
Status in England: Non-Native
Status in Scotland: Non-Native
Status in Wales: Non-Native
Location of first record: Slimbridge
Date of first record: 1952

Distribution map

Map of the UK with areas shaded to show the UK distribution of Ruddy Duck

GB Distribution from NBN Atlas

Author's name:

John Marchant

Last updated:

October 3rd 2019

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