Citrus longhorn beetle, Anoplophora chinensis


Short description of Anoplophora chinensis, Citrus longhorn beetle

Large, 21- 37 mm long, stout beetle with shiny black elytra marked with variable white markings; long black antennae marked with white or light blue bands; polyphagous insect attacking over 100 species of broadleaved trees and shrubs.

Description of Anoplophora chinensis, Citrus longhorn beetle status in GB

First GB interception in 1921 but few further interceptions until 2005.  Interceptions in GB since 2005 associated with commercial distribution of host trees. Not established.  This is an EU listed pest and any findings must be reported to Fera. 

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Habitat summary: Anoplophora chinensis, Citrus longhorn beetle

Citrus longhorn beetles have intercepted most commonly on Japanese maple trees. However, it can affect a wide range of trees and shrubs, including many important native and introduced species of broadleaved trees in GB. Most of the trees grown in cities and towns in England and Wales are potential hosts including: Acer spp. (maples), Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut), Alnus spp. (alder), Betula spp. (birch), Carpinus spp. (hornbeam), Citrus spp., Corylus spp. (hazel), Cotoneaster spp., Fagus spp. (beech), Lagerstroemia spp., Malus spp. (apple), Platanus spp. (plane), Populus spp. (poplar), Prunus spp. (cherry etc.), Pyrus spp. (pear), Salix spp. (willow), and Ulmus spp. (elm).

Overview table

Environment: Terrestrial
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Asia-Temperate, Asia-Tropical, China, Malesia, Kazan-retto, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, North Korea, South Korea, Myanmar, Philippines, Taiwan, Hawaiian Is., Vietnam
Functional type: Herbivore
Status in England: Non-Native
Status in Scotland: Non-Native
Status in Wales: Non-Native
Location of first record: Interception of maple trees (Acer palmatum) since 2005 - imported from China via The Netherlands in January 2008
Date of first record: 1921

Distribution map

GB Distribution from NBN Atlas

Author's name:

Helen Roy

Last updated:

October 5th 2015

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Thin strip of image show tree trunk and bark