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Himalayan Balsam, Impatiens glandulifera


Short description of Impatiens glandulifera, Himalayan Balsam

Glabrous annual herb with stout succulent, reddish-translucent hollow stems to 2.5 m; leaves opposite or in whorls of 3, 5-18 cm long and 3-7 cm wide; flowers with short spur, helmeted upper petal, deep purplish-pink to white, strong balsam smell. 

Description of Impatiens glandulifera, Himalayan Balsam status in GB

Well established and extremely invasive throughout most of lowland Great Britain.

Habitat summary: Impatiens glandulifera, Himalayan Balsam

Moist and semi-shaded damp places, predominant on banksides by slow-moving watercourses.

Overview table

Environment: Terrestrial
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Himalayas
Functional type: Land plant
Status in England: Non-Native
Status in Scotland: Non-Native
Status in Wales: Non-Native
Location of first record: v.c.21
Date of first record: 1855

Distribution map

GB Distribution from BSBI

Author's name:

Peter Day

Last updated:

October 2nd 2019

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Thin strip of image show tree trunk and bark