Harlequin ladybird, Harmonia axyridis


Short description of Harmonia axyridis, Harlequin ladybird

Highly variable in appearance. Adults, 5-8 mm in length, occur in three colour forms: yellow-orange to red with 0 to 21 black spots, black with two red spots and black with four red spots. Larvae are covered with branched spines and have orange sides.

Description of Harmonia axyridis, Harlequin ladybird status in GB

The harlequin ladybird is well established in England and Wales and spreading rapidly. Local in Scotland, but likely to invade further.

Habitat summary: Harmonia axyridis, Harlequin ladybird

Harlequin ladybirds are still found mainly in towns but are spreading to other habitats within the wider countryside. They occur especially on lime and sycamore trees, which support large aphid populations in late summer.

Overview table

Environment: Terrestrial
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Asia-Temperate, China, Kazan-retto, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, North Korea, Russia Central, Russia East, Russia North, Russia Northwest, Russia South
Functional type: Predator
Status in England: Non-Native
Status in Scotland: Non-Native
Status in Wales: Non-Native
Location of first record: Sible Hedingham (19)
Date of first record: 2004

Distribution map

GB Distribution from NBN Atlas

Author's name:

Helen Roy

Last updated:

October 4th 2019

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Thin strip of image show tree trunk and bark