Shallon, Gaultheria shallon

Overview

Short description of Gaultheria shallon, Shallon

Shallon is a suckering evergreen shrub ranging from nearly prostrate to erect. It may form dense thickets up to 1.5 metres high and bears large, shiny, leathery dark green ovate leaves  5-10 cm long. Small, pink-white urn-shaped flowers are borne in groups of 5-15 on one-sided racemes followed by hairy, dark purple berry-like fruits. It grows well in both sunny and shaded habitats.

Description of Gaultheria shallon, Shallon status in GB

Shallon is scattered thinly across GB with particular concentrations in the heaths and acid woodlands of southern England and western Scotland. It is rare in much of Wales and Ireland but is spreading rapidly.

Habitat summary: Gaultheria shallon, Shallon

Found on acidic, sandy or peaty soils in lowland dwarf-shrub heath, acid woodland and heathland scrub.

Overview table

Environment: Terrestrial
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: British Columbia, Alaska, California, Oregon, Washington
Functional type: Land plant
Status in England: Non-Native
Status in Scotland: Non-Native
Status in Wales: Non-Native
Location of first record: v.c.17
Date of first record: 1914

Distribution map

GB Distribution from BSBI

Author's name:

Sharon Pilkington

Last updated:

August 8th, 2011

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Thin strip of image show tree trunk and bark