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Carp, Cyprinus carpio


Short description of Cyprinus carpio, Carp

Typically around 30cm(max 110cm). Very variable in form, proportions, scales, fin development, colour (grey to bronze). Distinguished from other cyprinids by 2 pairs of barbels, arrangement/number of fin rays, caudal fin deeply emarginate, arrangement of pharyngeal teeth. Includes koi.

Description of Cyprinus carpio, Carp status in GB

Carp is widespread throughout GB, especially southern, central and eastern England; more scattered in Wales, Scotland and northern England.

Habitat summary: Cyprinus carpio, Carp

Can tolerate a wide variety of conditions, but usually in warm, deep, slow-flowing and still waters such as lowland rivers and large, well vegetated lakes, especially with soft bottom sediments.

Overview table

Environment: Freshwater
Species status: Non-Native
Native range: Southwestern Europe, China, Afghanistan, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Germany, Gruziya, Croatia, Hungary, Iran, Kirgizistan, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Pakistan, Romania, Russia Central, Russia East, Russia North, Russia Northwest, Russia South, Slovakia, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Ukraine, Serbia
Functional type: Omnivore
Status in England: Non-Native
Location of first record: London?
Date of first record: 1496

Distribution map

Map of the UK with areas shaded to show the UK distribution of Carp

GB Distribution from NBN Atlas

Author's name:

Dr. David Hubble

Last updated:

April 6th, 2011

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